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10 Essential On-Page SEO Factors You Need to Know

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10 Essential On-Page SEO Factors You Need to Know

Editor’s Note: This post is from Search Engine Journal’s new ebook The Complete Guide to On-Page SEO. This in-depth guide will teach you the essentials of on-page SEO. Want your copy now? Download it here or scroll to the bottom of this post for more details.


Succeeding in organic search today requires optimizing for a combination of factors that search engines consider important – technical, on-page and off-page.

Over the years, we’ve seen increased focus toward off-page techniques – such as link building – and other technical elements.

But the reality is, off-page SEO won’t do much good if you don’t pay attention to the fundamentals – on-page SEO.

Smart SEO practitioners know that on-page optimization should be constantly prioritized.

And because the search landscape is ever evolving, it’s important to make sure your on-page SEO knowledge is up to date.

In this post, we will cover what on-page SEO is, why it matters, and 10 of the most important on-page SEO considerations today.

What Is On-Page SEO?

On-page SEO (also known as on-site SEO) refers to the practice of optimizing web pages to improve a website’s search engine rankings and earn organic traffic.

In addition to publishing relevant, high-quality content, on-page SEO includes optimizing your headlines, HTML tags (title, meta, and header), and images. It also means making sure you website has a high level of expertise, authoritativeness, and trustworthiness.

It takes into account various aspects of the webpage that, when added together, will improve your website’s visibility in the search results.

Why On-Page SEO Is Important

On-page SEO is important because it helps search engines understand your website and its content, as well as identify whether it is relevant to a searcher’s query.

As search engines become more sophisticated, there is a greater focus toward relevance and semantics in search engine results pages (SERPs).

Google, with its plethora of complex algorithms, is now much better at:

  • Understanding what users are actually searching for when they type a query.
  • Delivering search results that meet user intent (informational, shopping, navigational).

Adapting to this development is essential, and you can do it by ensuring that your website and its content – both what is visible to users on your webpages (i.e., text, images, video, or audio) and elements that are only visible to search engines (i.e., HTML tags, structured data) – are well-optimized according to the latest best practices.

Additionally, you can’t simply ignore on-page SEO because you have more control when optimizing for on-site elements – as opposed to off-page SEO that consists of external signals (i.e., backlinks).

If you put effort into on-page strategies, you’ll see a boost in traffic and a rise in your search presence.

This guide will walk you through the most important elements of on-page SEO.

Paying close attention to these 10 areas will help improve your content and authority – and increase your rankings, traffic, and conversions.

1. E-A-T

E-A-T, which stands for Expertise, Authoritativeness, and Trustworthiness, is the framework that Google raters use to assess content creators, webpages, and websites as a whole.

Google has always put a premium on high-quality content. It wants to make sure that sites producing high-quality content are rewarded with better rankings and sites that create low-quality content get less visibility.

There is a clear relationship between what Google considers high-quality content and what appears in the search results.

Call it correlation or causation – whatever it is, E-A-T is somehow playing a role in Google’s organic search results. Which means E-A-T must be a consideration in your SEO strategy.

2. Title Tag

The title tag, an HTML tag that exists in the head section of each webpage, provides an initial cue or context as to what the topical subject matter is of the respective page it is on.

It is featured prominently in the search engine results pages (typically used as the clickable link) as well as in the browser window.

The title tag by itself has little impact on organic rankings, this why it’s sometimes overlooked.

That said, missing, duplicate, and poorly written title tags can all negatively impact your SEO results, so make sure you’re optimizing for this element.

3. Meta Description

Since the early days of SEO, meta descriptions have been an important optimization point.

Meta descriptions, meta tags that provide a description of what the page is about, are often displayed in the SERPs underneath the title of the page.

While Google maintains that meta descriptions don’t help with rankings, there is anecdotal evidence that indirect attributes of better descriptions do help.

Optimizing meta description correctly can help improve:

  • Click-through rate (CTR).
  • Perception of the quality of the result.
  • Perception of what your website offers all change.

4. Headlines

Want your website content to perform well on search? Then start writing compelling headlines.

Coming up with a title for a blog post might seem too basic, but a great headline can mean the difference between a click and an impression – that’s why it’s important to create them strategically.

Your headlines need to spark interest for it to stand out on the SERPs – enticing users to click through and continue reading the rest of the content.

5. Header Tags

Header tags are HTML elements (H1-H6) used to identify headings and subheadings within your content from other types of text (e.g., paragraph text).

Header tags aren’t as critically important for your site rankings as they used to be, but these tags still serve an important function – for your users and your SEO.

They can indirectly impact your rankings by:

  • Making your content easier and more enjoyable for visitors to read.
  • Providing keyword-rich context about your content for the search engines.

6. SEO Writing

SEO writing means writing content with both search engines and users in mind.

There is a strategy behind writing solid SEO content – and it is more than just keyword research and fill in the blanks.

Simply producing content for the sake of it won’t do. Remember that you’re writing content for people – therefore that content must be high-quality, substantial, and relevant.

7. Keyword Cannibalization

True or false? The more pages you have targeting a keyword, the better you’ll rank for that keyword.

False!

Targeting a specific term across multiple pages can cause “keyword cannibalization” which has some potentially disastrous consequences for your SEO.

When you have multiple pages ranking for the same keyword, you’re actually competing with yourself.

It’s important to identify whether keyword cannibalization exists on your website and resolve it right away.

8. Content Audit

Most content creators are focused on creating new content that they forget to audit their existing content. And this is a mistake.

Auditing your existing content is crucial because it helps you:

  • Evaluate whether your existing content is achieving its goals and gaining ROI.
  • Identify whether the information in your content is still accurate or has become stale (or even outdated).
  • Determine what types of content are working for you.

Content audits can greatly help your SEO strategy and they should be done on a regular basis.

9. Image Optimization

Adding images is a good way to make your webpages more appealing. But not all images are created equal – some can even slow down your website.

Optimizing images properly will help you make the most of a valuable SEO asset.

Image optimization has many advantages, such as:

  • Additional ranking opportunities (show up on Google Image Search).
  • Better user experience.
  • Faster page load times.

Images shouldn’t be an afterthought. Make sure to incorporate images that support your content and use descriptive titles and alt text.

10. User Engagement

Enhancing your website’s on-page SEO elements is only half the battle.

The other half lies in making sure that users will not bounce – but instead, they’ll continue viewing your content, interacting with it, and keep coming back for more.

Retaining engaged users is a great challenge in itself, but it’s certainly doable. To increase user engagement, focus on aspects such as site speed, user experience, and content optimization, among others.

Get Our Complete Guide to On-Page SEO

We’ve only just scratched the surface. Ready to go much deeper?

Search Engine Journal’s ebook, The Complete Guide to On-Page SEO, tackles the top on-page SEO factors that impact your pages’ visibility on the SERPs.

Download it here.

In partnership with Moz and WebCEO, we created this complete guide to help refresh your on-page SEO knowledge and keep you updated on the current best practices for optimizing on-site ranking signals.

The Complete Guide to On-Page SEO is divided into 12 easy-to-digest chapters authored by some of the smartest practitioners in the field.

  • Intro: On-Page SEO: Everything You Need to Know
  • Chapter 1: E-A-T & YMYL: How to Boost Your On-Page SEO
  • Chapter 2:  Title Tag Optimization: A Complete How-to Guide
  • Chapter 3: SEO Best Practices: How to Create Awesome Meta Descriptions
  • Chapter 4: 11 Headline Writing Tips to Drive Traffic & Clicks
  • Chapter 5: How to Use Header Tags: SEO Best Practices
  • Chapter 6: SEO Writing: Top 47 Tips to Master a Combined Art
  • Chapter 7: How to Identify & Eliminate Keyword Cannibalization to Boost Your SEO
  • Chapter 8: How to Do a Content Audit: The Ultimate Checklist
  • Chapter 9: 11 Important Image SEO Tips You Need to Know
  • Chapter 10: 15 Ways to Optimize Your Site for User Engagement
  • Chapter 11: 7 Common On-Page SEO Mistakes & How to Fix Them

EXPERT AUTHORS INCLUDE: Aleh Barysevich, Anna Crowe, Brian Gareth, Brian Harnish, Kameron Jenkins, Kristi Kellogg, Ron Lieback, Corey Morris, Alex Valencia, Ashley Ward, and Amelia Willson.

Keep your website ahead of the curve and nail your on-page SEO when you download The Complete Guide to On-Page SEO.

Get Your Copy Now.

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Anna Crowe

Assistant Editor & Content Strategy Lead at Leadfeeder

Anna is the Assistant Editor for Search Engine Journal and Content Strategy Lead at Leadfeeder. Over the last 9 years, ... [Read full bio]

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