Anatomy of a Hands-on SEO Audit – Part 3

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A lot of companies offer SEO Audits, however all audits are not even close to being in the same league.  I’ve seen audits that consist of a single page of bullet point “findings”, to 50 page cut-and-paste templates that offer little to no specifics when it comes to the site they’re supposedly created for.  Personally, I believe a true SEO audit is much more than either of these, without having to be so long that they’d qualify for the New York Times’ bestseller list.

In Anatomy of an SEO Audit series part 1,  I discussed the overall way in which I go about the audit process, and delved a good deal into the mindset aspects of audit writing.  In part 2 of this series, I started discussing the components of an audit a bit more.  Today I’d like to actually go back to the beginning – the first few pages of a typical audit I create these days.

Now what I explain here is not necessarily exactly going to fit in every situation.  If you’re reviewing a 1 page site built entirely in Flash, there’s only 3 back-links and they all come from the boss’s daughter Jacinda’s AOL home page, you’re not going to need to write up a 25 or 40 page document.  What I describe here is, however, generally applicable to anything beyond that type of worst case scenario.

Write To Your Audience

A quality audit needs to be written in a way that is tailored to your unique audience.  For smaller sites, that means the site owner or manager, and if someone else is actually going to implement the action plan tasks, then the second person you need to write for will typically either be an engineer or designer.  Even if you or your own team is going to be doing the implementation, think about who it is that’s going to do that work.

For enterprise / large corporate sites, you’ll need to ensure that you consider how to provide the right information for corporate ownership – the people we usually label as “C-suite” executives.  This may or may not include one or more people such as a CEO, a CIO, a CTO, a CMO, maybe even a committee of SVPs and Junior VPs.  (Don’t you love the great little acronyms that fly all over corporate conference rooms?)

I’ll need a completely new article at some future date to write up exactly how you might go about writing to the C-level audience, and how, if you do it wrong, you’ll never get their buy-in. So today we’ll just touch on the highlights of that.

Your Own Team

Even if you or your own team are going to implement the work, don’t leave out the tasking stuff.  By including it in the document you present to the decision maker(s), you build trust and confidence.  Not that they can comprehend what you’re talking about technically (though they just might be able to).  No, it’s because by getting that information in, you show them that there’s a real plan of action, not just a bullet point list.

One reason to write to the technical audience even if YOU are that audience is simple.  By putting in the time during the audit to generate the tasking, you’ve set yourself up to not have to go back a week, a month or 6 months later and say – “why did I list that item, and what did I promise the client/boss I’d do about it?”.

This is even more critical when the action plan calls for 100 or 1000 hours of work.  That depth helps validate the expense in the mind(s) of the decision maker(s).

Writing to Multiple Audiences

Even though it takes more time to write to multiple audiences, doing so will allow each person in the loop the ability to digest what you’re saying.  And it allows them to choose how much or how little they want to read.  That fact alone builds confidence in business owners and managers, because you’re showing them you went the extra mile to help make the process as painless as possible.  Which saves them from having yet one more reason to gouge their eyes out with dull pencils an otherwise unbelievable amount of stress.

Splitting Things Up

The simplest way to write to multiple audiences in an audit is to split things up. And if you do that, be sure to start with a document Table of Contents.  That single page will let people immediately see what’s included and shows them where the information they personally care about the most, is located.

Refresh Everyone’s Memory

After the Table of Contents, a simple one or two paragraph overview statement works well to let everyone know, either for the first time or as a reminder, why the audit was called for and what went into the audit process.  This matters for larger organizations because the document is going to get passed around.  Sometimes to a lot of people.

Summary of Findings

Next up is a Summary of Findings.  In short order, point out what’s good about the site and what’s not, as it relates to SEO.  I prefer a bullet point list here, because it’s easy to digest.  And C-type executives love you for that.  It means that in 30 seconds they can grasp the overall health of their site.

Now that I’m including these in my audit documents, I always like to start off with what’s good, because that sets them up to be willing to accept the fact that in reality, their site is screwed.  Royally.  🙂  It gives them the ability to see that all is not lost, it’s not hopeless, and the $2,000,000 they spent on the current site isn’t now a total write-off.

Be Honest

Be honest in the summary.  Don’t just add phony B.S. to make it SEEM like there’s good.  If there really isn’t anything good, say so.

So for example, A 2 million dollar site built completely in Flash where all of the text in that Flash file is actually in graphic images that were imported into the file probably doesn’t have anything positive going for it at all, right?   But maybe that worthless site has 5,000 inbound links, some of which are even from PR3 sites!  Yay for them!

Example Summary of Findings


  • Robust Content Depth
  • Strong Rankings for Some State-wide Phrases
  • Extensive cross-site linking


  • Fair to Poor Rankings for Some State-wide Phrases
  • Fair to Poor Rankings for National Phrases
  • Code-level Information Architecture lacks SEO capability
  • Disjointed User Experience Negatively Impacting SEO
  • Concern regarding time-on-site issues

Wrap It Up

Even when you have a bullet point list in the summary section, it’s good to then wrap it up with one or two paragraphs where you spell out the sum total of what you’ve found.  This is the opportunity to reinforce the concern you have with overall site health and where the biggest weakness lies.

Beyond The Summary

So the summary section (which should really never be longer than one page) is written for C-level executives, and site owners.  It’s the fastest way to let them know the overall health of their site.  Yet unlike people who write entire “audits” that are only 2 pages would have you believe, that’s all it’s going to do.  The summary is never going to convince the CEO that you actually know what you’re doing, or that there’s actual proof that serious problems exist and are so serious that they need to now spend $50,000 or $250,000 to fix things.

And this is where the comprehensive SEO audit comes into play.  The analysis portion of your audit document is where you lay out, issue by issue, example by example, all the things you found wrong.  Because it’s really your analysis work that you are being paid for.  And it’s that analysis work that is going to justify the fact that your client now has to pay you the remaining balance on your $5,000 audit fee.  (Or where your boss finally acknowledges that you apparently really know as much as you said you did when she hired you).  🙂

In my previous articles on this topic I already went through the concepts of how much and how little to include, when to give examples of actual page references as well as examples of the proper way to do SEO for something, and so forth.  So I won’t go into detail here in that regard.  But let’s summarize.


  • Provide 1 or 2 URLs to pages where a specific problem can be seen
  • Provide a description of the problem in a way that technical and non-technical people can understand
  • Provide a “tasking” (solution) entry for every item you list as being a problem
  • Include charts, spreadsheet snippets, Annotated Screen-shots
  • Provide links to 3rd party sites if needed (See note on this below)
  • Make references to “lost opportunity” or “potentially dramatic increase in revenue”
  • Specify who the person or team is that will need to address various issues
  • Call out any areas where more research or footwork needs to take place
  • Only include entries in the detailed section that address problem areas


  • Review or detail every single page if the site has dozens, hundreds or thousands of pages
  • Use attacking language toward whoever created the mess (except on Twitter – but remember to anonymize the rant!)
  • Write more than a couple or a few paragraphs in the explanation for any one issue (unless you need to in explaining the problem or detailing the tasking)
  • Waste time justifying your tasking items (you are, after all, the authority on the subject)
  • Include any entries in the detailed section that don’t address problem issues

A Note About Providing Reference Links

I make it a policy to never provide reference links in my audit documents except when pointing out a reference site, such as, or samples of sites you believe links should be obtained from, or a specific competitor page when used as an example reference.

If you’re including links of any other kind, you’re trying to justify or rationalize why you think an issue deserves to be included in the audit, or why you’re telling them “this is the way to resolve this issue”. Never waste time justifying.  If you find you need to, take a step back and remember that you really do know what you’re talking about, that you really have the experience or the knowledge.  And if you find yourself rationalizing – it means you yourself don’t believe, on some level, that a task is needed.  So check your ego, your fears, whatever.  Just get that out of the audit!


So there you go.  Yet one more piece to the SEO audit jigsaw puzzle.  If you take the time to learn what goes into a truly well written and well thought out site audit you’re much more likely to succeed in winning hearts and minds.  And when we win hearts and minds, not only is the work actually more likely to get implemented, but more importantly, you’re more likely to be paid.  🙂

Alan Bleiweiss
Alan Bleiweiss is a Forensic SEO audit consultant with audit client sites consisting of upwards of 50 million pages and tens of millions of visitors... Read Full Bio
Alan Bleiweiss
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  • Mritunjay

    Wonderfully explained piece of article. Dont have much to say as of now, but definitely would like to visit again.

    Thanks a lot.

  • DanaLookadoo

    Alan, you hit the ball out of the SEO audit park, again! Nice insights!

    I used to do what you said not to do – provided reference links. My analysis turned into a training with multiple “Why this is important” sections. NO MORE! A mechanic doesn’t send you to the manufacturer’s specs when diagnosing a car.

    I have reverted to actionable SEO audits summaries, depending on engagement. I present many findings in an Excel workbook. Each tab is an area of focus with a summary at the top of each sheet. It becomes a working document for the client team to fix, a worksheet. This approach is more appropriate when doing in-house SEO consulting and guiding their team to do the work. As you said, it must be tailored to one’s audience.

    No matter what the approach, you’re right. The C-Suite needs a snapshot summary.

    Question: Are you saying that you estimate the amount of time needed to address key items in the audit as part of the audit? Or are you following up with a separate proposal?

    • alanbleiweiss

      Thank you Dana

      I remember you showing me a quick view of one of the spreadsheets you were working on as we headed back to LAX. There have been times in the past when I've used spreadsheets, however I've only done that when I knew the team doing the work – that they'd be able to follow it.

      If the audit is for a client of one of my agencies, and if that agency is going to do the work, only then will I actually estimate hours to implement actions. And I only do so because of my previous project management experience. It requires intimately knowing the team that will do the work.

  • Matthias W. Hager

    Wow. What a find. Have to start at part 1 and catch up 🙂

    Auditing is one thing I really like about SEO. Great to hear other opinions and insights on it.

    • socila media marketing

      yes you are right, SEO i love it too.. be in touch you will learn much…

    • eZwerge

      I agree with Matthias, will have to go back to the start I think. THis is a really usefull checklist when starting to review your site. Wonder if all of it can be done by non technical SEOs though. Keep us posted.

      • alanbleiweiss


        It depends on the size of the site more than anything. The bigger the site, the more important things like HTML markup issues, site architecture issues, page speed become. But you don't have to become a rocket scientist. Or take ten courses in systems engineering. You would, however, need to learn about these topics specific to how they are important for large site SEO.

  • Ford Brown

    Hey this is great information thanks for the great content!!

    • alanbleiweiss

      Thanks Ford

  • alanbleiweiss

    Ford, Matthais, eZwerge, SMM, Mritunjay,

    Thanks for the feedbac.

    eZwerge – non-technical SEOs need to be able to learn enough about technical factors to be able to properly evaluate them. You don't need to be an engineer, however you need to be able to run site pages through W3C validators and understand enough of what you're reading to see where critical markup flaws exist or where CSS issues could cause the search engines to think something spammy is going on.

    You also need to be able to comprehend information architecture – how pages relate to each other, support each other when it comes to individual page, section and site-wide focus.

    The bigger the site, the more important these things become. So I'd also say that it depends on the size of the site as much as anything, as far as how technical you need to get in that evaluation.

  • Jeorge Peter

    nice post! I really learned a lot about SEO auditing. I find this topic interesting. I guess I need to read part 1 first to gain more insights.

    • alanbleiweiss

      Thanks Jeorge

      Yes, reading all three parts paints a more clear picture

  • Seo service company

    hey nice post really its a sea of information for SEO audit but plz place links of two parts so that we can easily read them too

    • alanbleiweiss

      Links to part 1 and part 2 are in the 2nd paragraph of the article.

  • Nick Davison

    Great article Alan,
    Its my first time on your blog, but you have already earned a bookmark!
    With 15 years of experience you have a big lead on me, and I would do well to read your blog in its entirety. Have you written any articles on the dreaded art of quoting?

    • alanbleiweiss


      I have not yet written any specific articles on the art of quoting. It definitely requires an entire article or more though. Here's how I approach it generally. How many hours do you think something will take if you are not 100% sure of the number? Add 10% or even 15% time on top of that.

      Think about what you are confident in charging per hour. Then add 10% or 15% on top of THAT. This way you have at least reduced the risks of underestimating.

      It's not fool-proof at all. But only by doing that several times will you build a list of types of work you do have experience doing and then will have more accurate information to work with from then on.

      Don't base your rate on what “everyone else” charges. Because everyone else charges something different.

      It has to be based on what you believe to be a fair wage for the work YOU do. And each time you do another one, learn from the previous experience.

      Most importantly, if you come up with a number, but then back down based on internal emotional fear or thinking you really don't deserve that fee, allow yourself to process that fear out of your being. THEN, you can charge a rate that you truly have the right to ask for. If you undercut yourself based on fear, you will be unhappy doing the work. And the stress will do more harm than good.

  • vaibhav

    hey nice post – i do website designing and coding but always find myself weak when i try to write content for my website and was planning to hire someone for this work for 1 or 2 time so then i can learn from that , how to write content -but after reading this i will try one or two times again writing content for my own website.

    thanks a lot .

    • alanbleiweiss


      I encourage you to write your own content then ask for a professional content writer or an SEO specialist with content expertise to review it and make suggestions. I'd be happy to be one of those people.

  • McGarrell Reilly

    I read all your articles, there are Excellent !!! Wondering what is the duration for each project from small to large and how many staff should invovle in this project.

    • alanbleiweiss


      Every project is different. If it's a single site, with a handful of pages, you might be able to get by with 1 person if they know what they're doing in all the areas that need attention. yet even a small site could require two, three or even four people if each one is an expert in a different area. It's the same issue with larger sites. Sometimes only a few people are needed, others, it could be five, ten or more…