Whether you’re launching a new website, refreshing an existing site, or restructuring your content, your internal link structure will be essential to your SEO success.
Internal links are any links that connect your webpages to one another.
If you don’t have an internal linking strategy, you’re missing out on a valuable opportunity to boost your SEO efforts and simultaneously create a more user-friendly website experience for your visitors.
Ultimately, if you follow internal linking structure best practices, you can set yourself up for success in the modern context-focused era of SEO.
There are five essential best practices for internal linking structure success you need to know:
- Put the user first
- Manage internal link value and flow
- Structure around content topics
- Utilize unique content and canonicals
- Indexing and prioritization
This article will help you understand the concepts behind these best practices, as well as plan and implement an internal link structure that will build content relevancy and authority, and help you rank.
1. User Experience
Be good to your site visitors.
No matter how great your value proposition is for your site visitor, if they can’t discover it then you won’t meet the bottom line goals – or why you wanted them to come to your site in the first place.
Search engines put emphasis on rewarding positive user experiences as they care about their end customer – the searcher. When the searcher uses Google or Bing and finds what they are looking for at the top of the search results, the site is giving their user value.
With billions of data points on how users interact with search results and websites, the engines have the ability to tune algorithms based on user experience factors and this is only expected to grow moving forward (especially with the use of machine learning and automated algorithm updates).
Beyond the items noted that Google has specifically called out in updates, it’s important to align your content with your conversion goals. If you have valuable content that naturally leads through the customer journey and sales cycle, you’re setting yourself up for the opportunity to keep the visitors you land on your site.
2. Flow of Link Value
Don’t take off your link building hat when links get to the site. Link value passes from page to page within the site based on the same logic.
Years ago, when we had a clearer picture of Google PageRank, we could see how much value each of the pages on our site have and manage our linking structure to push PageRank into areas we care about most. The rise of PageRank sculpting came and went and now we can’t see PR scores at all. Now we rely on SEO tool-specific metrics, but you can’t forget that PageRank is still in play.
Knowing where inbound links from other sources land on your site is still critical as well as setting up your site structure to ensure that you don’t dilute all the value on the landing page.
By having a streamlined navigation and not spelling out dozens of links on every page, you can concentrate link value to flow to the pages that are most important. Whether that means spreading it around to top-level topic pages or down into a silo of content on a extremely specific topic.
Your link building strategy should align with the content you have, how it is structured, and where you ultimately want to send important link value.
Thankfully, the days of flat sites and home pages that feel more like the side of a NASCAR are in the past. We’re not having to do extensive cleanup to keep from diluting all link value on the first hop within the site, as PageRank value is passed proportionately to all links on a given page.
3. Context & Hierarchy
Don’t be afraid to have your site visitors click and scroll.
We don’t have to keep all technical and deep-dive content on the first or second level page of the website. Organize your content around topics and prioritize what gets top level focus versus being multiple clicks deep.
Without a need to have a page per keyword of the old SEO days, we can think much more like a term paper outline. A natural structure of our content from high-level down to specific allows us to develop topics and topics-within-topics on our site.
This ultimately leads to ranking on anything from broad top-level all the way down to unforeseen long-tail keywords for the specific and detailed content.
Getting the hierarchy of your content in order is important for a user as well as the search engine. You can gain topical relevance by ensuring your content is well organized and logical to navigate.
The biggest challenge you’ll likely face is the stakeholders in your organization or within your client’s organization that think that everything is important and needs to be on the home page or in the top navigation. In addition to diluting link value mentioned earlier, having too many focuses and links on the home page interferes with what you’re doing to build context for your content and depth in the proper order.
4. Unique Content & Canonical Use
To build a strong brand and provide a quality user experience, you need unique content.
Search engines filter duplicate content in their results. If you have the same content as everyone else, it can be hard to break through commodity status to become the industry or niche authority.
However, there are legit reasons for having duplicate content. You can’t ignore those or write off the need to address them.
- If you’re in a highly regulated industry, you likely have a lot of similar content to other sites and have to word your own copy in certain ways.
- If you’re an e-commerce retailer that has the same product in several categories and you have product descriptions being the same across many sites because you haven’t had time to customize for each.
It’s important to map out and acknowledge areas where you have duplicate content. You can use tools like Copyscape to evaluate how bad your duplicate content issues are across the web and within your website via a batch search – especially important if you fall into the group that has product content on your site that others are using as well across the web.
If you know what you have to navigate around, you can then plan your use of canonical tags for duplicate and similar content pages, language variations (if you have international content), or pagination on your site. From there you can use your sitemap as a tool to understand when you layer on the canonical pages and URLs where you’re sending the search engines in and out of specific sections.
In e-commerce, this can be tricky as you can inadvertently make a product category invisible if you canonical too many products to a more important category, or to a root version of the product page independent of any product category. You’ll definitely need to plan this out carefully.
5. Crawling & Indexing
All of our our efforts are in vain if we don’t ensure that navigation is crawlable and that only necessary primary and sub-navigation are coded out into each page.
By putting unnecessary navigation into each page we can waste precious crawl budget and focus. The key is not only to get the search engines to see all of our content and have an easy linear path to get through the depth of content in our topical areas but also to understand the linking association between the pages based on topical relevance. When we don’t have crawling focus and can’t get the spiders to certain pages, we’re losing out on an opportunity to be highly ranked
By putting unnecessary navigation into each page we can waste precious crawl budget and focus. The key is not only to get the search engines to see all of our content and have an easy linear path to get through the depth of content in our topical areas but also to understand the linking association between the pages based on topical relevance.
When we don’t have crawling focus and can’t get the spiders to certain pages, we’re losing the opportunity to be highly ranked on terms across the broad spectrum of high-level to specific terminology. Plus, our sites will look shallow and flat despite our efforts to build quality content in depth.
While best practices are subject to change over time due to changes in user behavior in general and search engine priorities, we have to stay focused on what matters now.
From having a solid UX, managing the flow of link value, getting content / context and hierarchy right, managing duplicate content, and ensuring proper indexing, we can position our websites for success through strong internal linking structure.
In many cases, we’re heading into an era where most of what we do is natural and aligns well with what logic would dictate. If we start there – and then understand the more technical aspects of how link value flows, how canonicals work, and how to get content indexed – then we’re going to be in good shape.